Badminton is one of the popular game that uses racket and shuttlecocks that was started before in India and latter popularized and boosted in England. The game is played by either two opposing players (known as singles) or opposing pairs (doubles) who takes positions on opposite halves of the rectangular court, where each player take attempts to score a point by striking the shuttlecock by a racket to pass over the net and ground/land it on the opponents court area or let the opposing player return the shuttlecock in the outside are of the court. The player will win the game if that player or pair wins 2 out of 3 game sets. That 3-game set is known as a match. Player or pair wins the set if he/she is the first one to accumulate 25 points.
Parts of the Badminton Court and Court Lines
Badminton is typically played on hardwood floors or synthetic rubber mats made specifically for badminton. One will notice that the court is divided by a net into two halves. The standard court contains lines for both singles and doubles play. Doubles play is designated by the outside lines, while singles uses the baseline and inner sideline. The doubles court uses the same length as the singles court, but a wider one due to the usage of the outer sidelines. More descriptions about the parts and lines are described below:
- Baseline is the back line that runs parallel on both ends to the net, and the length of this line is the entire width of the court.
- Center line is the line that runs perpendicular to the net and down the middle of each side, separating the two service boxes. Service box is area formed by the center line, doubles sideline and doubles long service line on doubles game, while it is formed by the center line, baseline and singles sideline on singles game.
- Short service line is the line that covers the width of the court and is the closest line that runs parallel to the net.
- Doubles sideline is a line, along with the baseline, forms the outer boundary lines for the court while the singles sideline is a line that runs along the inside of the doubles sideline and parallel to it. The is the area formed between the singles and doubles sideline is known as the alley. The alley is considered outside of the boundaries for singles games.
- Doubles long service line designates the back service line for doubles and spans the width of the court.
Badminton Court Dimension
For the badminton, the court dimensions are almost universal and applicable to all levels – profession, collegiate and high school. The court dimension rules and regulations are usually mandated by Badminton World Federation (BWF), which is the governing body for the sport of badminton recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as the world governing body for the sport of badminton. The BWF is empowered by the IOC and the BWF’s 180 Members to govern the sport of badminton worldwide. BWF started with the name International Badminton Federation in 1934 composing of nine members until they decided to change the name during the Extraordinary General Meeting in Madrid last 2006.
BWF’s main focus is regulating, promoting, managing and developing the sport worldwide. This can only be achieved in partnership with a range of stakeholders, the most important of which are BWF Members, the five Continential Confederations and BWF’s commercial and media partners.
Court Dimensions According to BWF Laws
The following court dimensions rules are according to section 1A and 1B of the Laws of Badminton. It is important to take note that dimensions here are standard at all level. These are the following:
- The length of the court is 13.4 meters. The net is placed at the center and divides the court into two equal parts.
- The width of the court will depend on whether the game is singles or doubles. For doubles, that width is 6.1 meters while it is 5.2 meters on singles.
- Doubles long service line is 76 cm away from the baseline at each end of the court.
- Distance of short service line to the net is 1.98 meters wherein the center line is 3.88 meters from the baseline.
- All the lines shall form of the area which they define.
- The lines marking out the court shall be easily distinguishable and preferably yellow or white
- Line markings in the badminton court are 40 mm wide.
- The shuttle test markings are the two short lines that is marked in the vicinity of one of the right service court. The first one is measured 530 mm from the base line and the next one is measured 950 mm from the base line.
- The net posts shall be 1.55 m in height from the surface of the court and shall remain vertical, and shall be placed on the doubles sidelines.
- The net shall be made of fine cord of dark color and even thickness with a mesh of not less than 15 mm and 20 mm.
- The net shall be 760 mm in depth and 6.1 m wide.
- The top of the net from the surface of the court shall be 1.524 m at midpoint of the court.